Bilateral Trade Relations

The Ministry of Industry and Trade is vested with the responsibility to foster close and co-operative relations with Fiji's trading partners to protect and advance its specific political, commercial, investment and strategic interests with a particular focus on trade and economic opportunities.
Fiji adopts a multi-approach to trade and is signatory to a number of bilateral, regional and multilateral trading agreements.
Bilaterally, Fiji has adopted a two-facet approach. Firstly, Fiji would enter into nonreciprocal agreements with small island states and secondly Fiji has negotiated reciprocally with larger trading partners that have the capacity to trade with Fiji on an equal footing.
Since 1995 Fiji has a non-reciprocal Bilateral Trade Agreement with Tonga. These non-reciprocal concessions have been extended to Tuvalu and the Cook Islands through a BTS signed on 1st October in Funafuti and in Suva on 23rd October 1998.
Fiji has also signed full reciprocal BTA’s with the more developed partners in the region. These are as follows:
  • Fiji-PNG BTA was signed in 1996
  • Fiji Vanuatu BTA was signed in 1998
  • Fiji Australia Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement was signed in 11 March 1999.
  • Fiji USA Bilateral Textile Agreement that was signed in 1992.
  • Fiji China BTA was signed in 1997
Fiji is further looking at opportunities through the “Look-North” Policy to extend its trade and have a Bilateral Trade Agreements with countries such as Russia, Turkey and the prominent Asian Markets such as Malaysia, Indonesia, China and India.
It is envisaged that the Bilateral Trade Agreements benefit Fiji in the following ways:
  • Ensures market access through free flow of goods;
  • Ensures countries develop quarantine standards and customs arrangements that facilitate trade between parties;
  • Ensure fair competition between parties;
  • Facilitates and encourages exchanges and interaction between the private sector of the two countries;
  • Facilitates inter-change and movement of commercial and technical representatives between the two countries;
  • Contributes to the harmonized development and expansion of world trade and to the progressive removal of barriers; and
  • Contributes to the growth and development of both trading partner countries.